Application of PIV method to study the speed distribution of oil mist particles in the orthogonal cutting process

  • Ryszard Wójcik Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Machine Tools and Production Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, Stefanowskiego 1/15, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
  • Wojciech Stachurski Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Machine Tools and Production Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, Stefanowskiego 1/15, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
Keywords: orthogonal cutting, MQL, Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), cutting force

Abstract

The paper presents the use of the PIV method in experimental studies on the speed distribution of oil particles contained in oil mist delivered into a cutting zone with minimum quantity (MQL). During investigations an orthogonal sample was of an aluminum alloy PA7N was machined using HS18-0-1 high-speed steel cutter. The oil mist was delivered into the cutting zone by a single spray nozzle directed at the tool rake surface. Two angular settings of the spray nozzle were applied in relation to the surface of the machined sample. Based on the images obtained by the PIV method, the distribution of the oil particles in the cutting area was determined according to the setting the spray nozzle. Studies have indicated more favorable conditions for the delivery of oil mist at the angle of spray nozzle at 85°. These conclusions were confirmed by measuring the cutting force in tangential direction to the machined surface.

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Author Biographies

Ryszard Wójcik, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Machine Tools and Production Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, Stefanowskiego 1/15, 90-924 Lodz, Poland

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Ryszard Wójcik received his M.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering in 1988. In 1997 he defended his PhD thesis in the field of Machine Construction and Operation, and in 2008 he obtained the postdoctoral degree of habilitated at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Lodz University of Technology. In 1975 he started working at the Institute of Machine Tooling and Machine Building Technology at the Lodz University of Technology where he is currently employed as an Associate Professor. His research activities focus on issues related to the surface layer constituted during cutting process, monitoring of processes as well as analysis of an aerologic systems. He participated in 10 national research projects as well as dozens of international and national conferences. He has published more than 80 scientific papers in international and national journals and conference materials. He is the author of 4 monographs and 6 national patents.

Wojciech Stachurski, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Machine Tools and Production Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, Stefanowskiego 1/15, 90-924 Lodz, Poland

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Wojciech Stachurski received his M.Sc. degree in Production Engineering and Ph.D degree in Machinery Construction and Operation from Lodz University of Technology, in 2001 and 2008, respectively. Since 2003 he has been a researcher in the Institute of Machine Tools and Production Engineering at the Lodz University of Technology, where currently he works as an assistant professor. His scientific interests focus on abrasive processes, technological researches of the surface texture as well as wear and durability of cutting tools. He has participated in 3 national research projects as well as 5 international and 13 national conferences. He has published more than 50 scientific papers in various international and national journals. He is also the author of 2 national patents.

Published
2017-06-01
How to Cite
Wójcik, R. and Stachurski, W. (2017) “Application of PIV method to study the speed distribution of oil mist particles in the orthogonal cutting process”, Journal of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, 1(1), pp. 51-56. Available at: http://jmee.tu.koszalin.pl/ojs/index.php/jmee/article/view/22 (Accessed: 12December2018).
Section
Mechanical Engineering