Physical properties improvement of the diesel engine lubricant oil reinforced nanomaterials
This research focuses on the effect of nanomaterials on the physical properties of a local Iraqi lubricant oil (20W-50), which is widely used in diesel engines. The concentrations of 0.001, 0.2 and 0.5 wt% of Al2O3 NPs and CNT are dispersed in the oil with the help of a suitable surfactant using a magnetic stirrer and a sonication process. The density, surface tension, dynamic viscosity, kinematic viscosity, flash point, fire point, pour point, thermal conductivity, thermal images, wear and the coefficient of friction of the oil with and without nanomaterials are tested. The results were shown that the higher concentrations of NPs, the better properties for the engine oil. The density for Al2O3 nanooil indicates a small change at 0.001 and 0.2 wt%, and a decrease at 0.5 wt% ratio. Also, the density of CNT oil shows a slight change at 0.001and then decreasing at 0.2 and 0.5 ratios. In addition, the surface tension of both nanooils are increased. The dynamic viscosity slightly change with an addition of the NPs especially at 20°C and 30°C. Also, there is a convergence in the viscosity values between base and nanooils at 40°C and 50°C.
Copyright (c) 2018 Nizar Jawad Hadi, Rand Kareem Abd Al-Hussain
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