Continuous liquid interface production (CLIP) method for rapid prototyping

  • Dilan Ezgi Düzgün Karabük University, Department of Industrial Design Engineering
  • Krzysztof Nadolny Koszalin University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Keywords: rapid prototyping, additive manufacturing, continuous liquid, 3D printing, continuous liquid interface production (CLIP)


Additive Manufacturing (AM) processes such as three- dimensional (3D) printing are one of most important technologies of our century. Additive manufacturing is a manufacturing process in which 3D solid objects are created. It enables the creation of physical 3D models of objects using a series of an additive or layered development framework, where layers are laid down in succession to create a complete 3D object. Additive manufacturing is also known as 3D printing. The strongest reasons for the use of rapid prototypes in manufacturing are the production of parts with a small quantity or a complex shape, the obtaining of lighter parts, the prevention of waste of raw materials, a wider availability of testing and design and further personalization. Continuous liquid interface production (CLIP) is an alternative approach to AM by exploiting the basic principle of oxygen-impaired photopolymerization to create a continuous fluid interface of uncured resin between the growing section and the exposure window.


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Author Biographies

Dilan Ezgi Düzgün, Karabük University, Department of Industrial Design Engineering


Dilan Ezgi Düzgün is astudent of Karabük University, the Department of Industrial Design Engineering in Turkey. Erasmus+ student at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering at Koszalin University of the Technology (Poland) in 2017/2018 academic year. She is interested in rapid prototyping and additive manufacturing technologies, especially the continuous liquid interface production (CLIP) method.

Krzysztof Nadolny, Koszalin University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering


Krzysztof Nadolny received his M.Sc. degree in Mechanics and Machine Design and next Ph.D (with honors) as well as D.Sc. degree in Machinery Construction and Operation from the Koszalin University of Technology, in 2001, 2006 and 2013, respectively. Since 2006, he has been a researcher in the Department of Production Engineering at the Koszalin University of Technology, where currently he works as an associated professor and the head of a research-didactic team for production planning and control. His scientific interests focus on problems concerning machining processes and tools, efficiency, monitoring and diagnostics of machining processes as well as tribology. He has participated in 2 international and 3 national research projects, presenting results of his work at 10 international and 21 national conferences, published more than 180 scientific papers in international and national journals, book chapters, as well as conference proceedings. He is also the author of 4 monographs and 9 national patents.

How to Cite
Düzgün, D. and Nadolny, K. (2018) “Continuous liquid interface production (CLIP) method for rapid prototyping”, Journal of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, 2(1), pp. 5-12. doi: 10.30464/jmee.2018.2.1.5.
Mechanical Engineering