Flow structures during refrigerants condensation

  • Małgorzata Sikora Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Power Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, Raclawicka 15-17, 75-620, Koszalin, Poland
Keywords: condensation, refrigerants, minichannels, flow patterns


For several years, in the world are carried out studies on the refrigerants condensation in minichannels. These studies are aimed at understanding the condensation process and facilitate the design of mini heat exchangers. It is very important to optimize heat transfer and drive power consumption of the is the knowledge of the processes occurring during refrigerants condensation in pipe minichannels. It is important in this case to make a individual flow structures maps for the refrigerants, due to the significant effect of flow structured formed in the minichannel on the heat transfer and flow resistance. Unfortunately, in relation to the number of publications about condensation in minichannels, the number of published flow maps is relatively small. Due to the fact that the condensation process takes place differently in the minichannels and conventional channels, there is no possibility of using the flow maps for conventional channels to identification flow patterns in minichannels. One of the most popular flow maps for the condensation in minichannels is the map created by Colleman and Garimella, which was made for the R134a refrigerant. The authors conducted their own experimental studies of refrigerants R134a, R404A and R407C condensation in pipe minichannels with an internal diameter d = 3.3 - 0.31 mm. These studies results were subjected to calculation identification of flow structures using the map of Colleman and Garimella. These results are compared with the criteria published on Thome and Cavallini flow maps.


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Author Biography

Małgorzata Sikora, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Power Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, Raclawicka 15-17, 75-620, Koszalin, Poland

Małgorzata Sikora received her M.Sc. degree in Environmental Engineering (specialization: Heating and air conditioning) and next Ph.D (with honors) as well as D.Sc. degree in Machinery Construction and Operation from Koszalin University of Technology, in 2008 and 2011 respectively. Since 2011 she has been an assistant in the Department of Heating and Refrigeration Engineering at the Koszalin University of Technology. Currently she works as an assistant professor in Department of Power Engineering. Her scientific interests concern a heat and flow phenomenon during refrigerants condensation, refrigeration, heat pumps, etc. She has participated a in 4 national research projects, 1 international education project (Tempus Energy). She presenting results of her work at 4 international and numerous national conferences, she published 4 articles in journals from the Philadelphia list (LIST A) and 15 articles in national magazines (LIST B) and 46 papers printed in national and international conferences materials. Dr. Eng. Małgorzata Sikora is also co-author of 1 monograph published in English, and 1 didactic textbook.

How to Cite
Sikora, M. (2017) “Flow structures during refrigerants condensation”, Journal of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, 1(1), pp. 101-106. Available at: http://jmee.tu.koszalin.pl/ojs/index.php/jmee/article/view/12 (Accessed: 12December2018).
Energy Engineering